The first form of education at a distance came in the shape of correspondence. In the 19th century, Sir Isaac Pitman was teaching a program of a stenography method he had invented. He asked his students to copy paragraphs from the Bible applying this shorthand, and send the transcriptions back to him through mail. He would grade them and send them back. The correspondence method soon became popular, particularly for the education of women, from home. In 1883, diplomas were issued for students of Chautauqua College of Liberal Arts who took courses exclusively through correspondence.
Between 1918 and 1946, over 200 transmission licenses were issued to educational institutions – radio became the main educational system, and it was being used especially in the isolated, poor areas. Television soon followed, developing through the 80s, when the boom of cable and satellite TV occurred. The invention and development of the computer permitted stocking of courses on CD-ROMs, which allowed for multimedia content: text, image, sound, simulations. development of education in India The Internet was the next step, that of breaking the length and allowing bilateral communication.
In case of the first types of education at a distance, the interposed medium between the student and the teacher could be writing. Such technologies as typography (for multiplication) and mail (for distribution) were being used. The first analogical technologies found in education were the air and television, which offered a uni-directional medium of communication. For a lot of the 20th century, education at a distance meant correspondence courses, and later, in the 60s-80s, synchronous communication became possible through satellite video conference systems. The major change occurred with the development and raise of the Internet. It had been given that technology became more than simply a compensator for the length, it refreshed the notion of a classroom. The entire educational process was revolutionized, while the nature of social interaction between those involved in it was changed, too.
An academic process includes several main actions: teaching – which describes the construction of a program, the stocking of course material and the delivery; seminar – including assisted browsing of the course material, ongoing tests, the stimulation process and motivation maintenance; verification – talking about the evaluation of the course; and administration – enrolling, school records, issuing diplomas and so on. In case of e-learning, education at a distance mediated by information-communication technology, every one of these processes can be automated and administered with a single program, the educational management system (LMS).
The functions of a LMS should include: authoring, classroom management, competence management, knowledge management, customization, mentoring function, chat and discussion groups. It has been discussed that learning with aid from a LMS saves time, without affecting the grade of the particular learning, minimizes costs, offers adequate methods of delivering the courses, someone instruction as well as overall better results that traditional methods. Studies have shown that employees who took continual-instruction courses with learning management systems have be much more productive. They be much more stable in the working environment and more ready to satisfy the wants of the customer.